The terms monophony and polyphony have very straight-forward literal meanings.Monophony means music with a single "part" and a "part" typically means a single vocal melody, but it could mean a single melody on an instrument of one kind or another.Polyphony means music with more than one part, and so this indicates simultaneous notes. In music, monophonic texture is the simplest of the three main types of texture, the other two being homophonic and polyphonic texture. The earliest organum … Monophony was the first type of texture in the Lutheran Church. A monophonic Antiphon from the Gregorian Chant collection Liber Usualis. 1. A melody is also considered to be monophonic if a group of singers (e.g., a choir) sings the same melody together at the unison (exactly the same pitch) or with the same melody notes duplicated at the octave (such as when men and women sing together). Monophony. Taking the literal translation of monophonic (‘one’ and ‘relating to sound’) we can define monophonic texture as a piece of music where there is only one melodic sound being heard. Many folk songs and traditional songs are monophonic. The choral arrangement of four voices (soprano, alto, tenor, and bass) has since become common in Western classical music. What is polyphonic texture in music? In music, monophony is the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody (or "tune"), typically sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument player (e.g., a flute player) without accompanying harmony or chords. in Ancient Gr., early church mus. which has a single melodic line of notes without harmonies or melody in counterpoint, as opposed to polyphony and homophony. If an entire melody is played by two or more instruments or sung by a choir with a fixed interval, such as a perfect fifth, it is also said to be monophony (or "monophonic"). This is the plainchant version (mode iii) of Pange Lingua sung to its traditional Latin text. Sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. An example of this would be the song “Renegade” by the Styx. An Overview Of The 20th Century Music Era. Plainsong was the first and foremost musical style of Italy, Ireland, Spain, and France. Or again, the band may cut out and leave the vocalist singing alone like at the end of the song “Oliver James” by Fleet Foxes: A rock song that uses a bass guitar, electric guitar, and vocals to play and sing the exact same melody is “Iron Man” by Black Sabbath. Aristocratic troubadours and trouvères typically played in courtly performances for kings, queens, and countesses. The earliest recorded Christian monophony was plainchant or plainsong (of which one well-known style was called Gregorian chant) a single unaccompanied vocal melody sung by monks. For example, if a group of friends sat around a campfire singing a song altogether, that would be monophony. It mainly represents how many layers of melody and harmony can be heard at any one time. © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. So the first style I’ve chosen to talk about is Homophonic which is one melody line played at a time but played by multiple instruments, So i have chosen Miley Cyrus The climb ( I know its a bit sad but its a perfect example) as the song starts with the Keyboard/ Piano playing Miley starts to sing and the way she sings isn’t a whole new melody it stays with the melody. We can even have rhythmic accompaniment in a monophonic texture, such as clapping or a drum set, as long as there is only one part that has specific pitches – the melody. What is monophony, polyphony, homophony, monody etc.? He is currently working as a film composer and writing a book on film music. In the 2010s, songwriters often write songs that intersperse sections using monophony, heterophony (two singers or instrumentalists doing varied versions of the same melody together), polyphony (two or more singers or instrumentalists playing independent melodic lines at the same time), homophony (a melody accompanied by chords) or monody (a single melodic line with instrumental accompaniment) elements throughout the melody to create different atmospheres and styles. We view monophony as a single string.
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