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reaction of potassium with water

Knowledge of cis/trans or E/Z notation is not required, 4:27 describe the reactions of alkenes with bromine, to produce dibromoalkanes, 4:28 describe how bromine water can be used to distinguish between an alkane and an alkene, 4:29 (Triple only) know that alcohols contain the functional group −OH, 4:30 (Triple only) understand how to draw structural and displayed formulae for methanol, ethanol, propanol (propan-1-ol only) and butanol (butan-1-ol only), and name each compound, the names propanol and butanol are acceptable, 4:31 (Triple only) know that ethanol can be oxidised by: burning in air or oxygen (complete combustion), reaction with oxygen in the air to form ethanoic acid (microbial oxidation), heating with potassium dichromate(VI) in dilute sulfuric acid to form ethanoic acid, 4:32 (Triple only) know that ethanol can be manufactured by: 1) reacting ethene with steam in the presence of a phosphoric acid catalyst at a temperature of about 300⁰C and a pressure of about 60–70atm; and 2) the fermentation of glucose, in the absence of air, at an optimum temperature of about 30⁰C and using the enzymes in yeast, 4:33 (Triple only) understand the reasons for fermentation, in the absence of air, and at an optimum temperature, 4:34 (Triple only) know that carboxylic acids contain the functional group -COOH, 4:35 (Triple only) understand how to draw structural and displayed formulae for unbranched- chain carboxylic acids with up to four carbon atoms in the molecule, and name each compound, 4:36 (Triple only) describe the reactions of aqueous solutions of carboxylic acids with metals and metal carbonates, 4:37 (Triple only) know that vinegar is an aqueous solution containing ethanoic acid, 4:38 (Triple only) know that esters contain the functional group -COO-, 4:39 (Triple only) know that ethyl ethanoate is the ester produced when ethanol and ethanoic acid react in the presence of an acid catalyst, 4:40 (Triple only) understand how to write the structural and displayed formulae of ethyl ethanoate, 4:41 (Triple only) understand how to write the structural and displayed formulae of an ester, given the name or formula of the alcohol and carboxylic acid from which it is formed and vice versa, 4:42 (Triple only) know that esters are volatile compounds with distinctive smells and are used as food flavourings and in perfumes, 4:43 (Triple only) practical: prepare a sample of an ester such as ethyl ethanoate, 4:44 know that an addition polymer is formed by joining up many small molecules called monomers, 4:45 understand how to draw the repeat unit of an addition polymer, including poly(ethene), poly(propene), poly(chloroethene) and (poly)tetrafluroethene, 4:46 understand how to deduce the structure of a monomer from the repeat unit of an addition polymer and vice versa, 4:47 explain problems in the disposal of addition polymers, including: their inertness and inability to biodegrade, the production of toxic gases when they are burned, 4:48 (Triple only) know that condensation polymerisation, in which a dicarboxylic acid reacts with a diol, produces a polyester and water. magnesium oxide) or by reduction (e.g. How do you put grass into a personification? Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The reaction is very exothermic, and the hydrogen explodes during the reaction. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The reaction of sodium and water is more vigorous than lithium’s: Potassium is the third alkali metal in the group. The balanced equation is here: When potassium is added to water, the metal melts and floats. the reaction of large pieces of sodium/potassium with water; the reaction of potassium with liquid bromine; the reaction of … iron) and non-metals (e.g. Reaction of potassium with water Potassium reacts wiolently with water, forming potassion hydroxide, KOH, and hydrogen gas, H 2 . Potassium reacts with water producing hydrogen. The observations for the reaction of lithium and water are: Sodium is the second alkali metal in the group. will react with water (H2O) to form potassium hydroxide (KOH) and False 1)The initial disappearance of silver nitrate in water indicates a chemical reaction occurred. 2)The lack of temperature change indicates a chemical reaction … Why is melted paraffin was allowed to drop a certain height and not just rub over the skin? Therefore, as we go down group 1 (increasing atomic number), the elements become more reactive: Li 2KOH + H2 The hydrogen-releasing reaction is why potassium metal is so dangerous around water or moisture. it forms potas­si­um hy­dride – an ion­ic com­pound of met­al with hy­dro­gen – when heat­ed up to 200-300 ᵒC (also 392-572 ᵒF) with hy­dro­gen: The term intermolecular forces of attraction can be used to represent all forces between molecules, 1:48 explain why the melting and boiling points of substances with simple molecular structures increase, in general, with increasing relative molecular mass, 1:49 explain why substances with giant covalent structures are solids with high melting and boiling points, 1:50 explain how the structures of diamond, graphite and C, 1:51 know that covalent compounds do not usually conduct electricity, 1:52 (Triple only) know how to represent a metallic lattice by a 2-D diagram, 1:53 (Triple only) understand metallic bonding in terms of electrostatic attractions, 1:54 (Triple only) explain typical physical properties of metals, including electrical conductivity and malleability, 1:55 (Triple only) understand why covalent compounds do not conduct electricity, 1:56 (Triple only) understand why ionic compounds conduct electricity only when molten or in aqueous solution, 1:57 (Triple only) know that anion and cation are terms used to refer to negative and positive ions respectively, 1:58 (Triple only) describe experiments to investigate electrolysis, using inert electrodes, of molten compounds (including lead(II) bromide) and aqueous solutions (including sodium chloride, dilute sulfuric acid and copper(II) sulfate) and to predict the products, 1:59 (Triple only) write ionic half-equations representing the reactions at the electrodes during electrolysis and understand why these reactions are classified as oxidation or reduction, 1:60 (Triple only) practical: investigate the electrolysis of aqueous solutions, (a) Group 1 (alkali metals) – lithium, sodium and potassium, 2:01 understand how the similarities in the reactions of lithium, sodium and potassium with water provide evidence for their recognition as a family of elements, 2:02 understand how the differences between the reactions of lithium, sodium and potassium with air and water provide evidence for the trend in reactivity in Group 1, 2:03 use knowledge of trends in Group 1 to predict the properties of other alkali metals, 2:04 (Triple only) explain the trend in reactivity in Group 1 in terms of electronic configurations, (b) Group 7 (halogens) – chlorine, bromine and iodine, 2:05 know the colours, physical states (at room temperature) and trends in physical properties of chlorine, bromine and iodine, 2:06 use knowledge of trends in Group 7 to predict the properties of other halogens, 2:07 understand how displacement reactions involving halogens and halides provide evidence for the trend in reactivity in Group 7, 2:08 (Triple only) explain the trend in reactivity in Group 7 in terms of electronic configurations, 2:09 know the approximate percentages by volume of the four most abundant gases in dry air, 2:10 understand how to determine the percentage by volume of oxygen in air using experiments involving the reactions of metals (e.g.

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