and er (3rd person sing.) The subjunctive 1 is a specific conjugation of verbs that is used with indirect speech. Some verbs require them to be the same, while for others it is optional. Example: „Ich wäre so gern ein Millionär.“. In German there are two types of passive. This chart is an alphabetical list of 50 commonly used German verbs. Many commonly used German verbs are NOT regular verbs. and er (3rd person sing.) Only some irregular verbs (but no separable-prefix or modal verbs) have been included in this chart. „Der Mann gibt dem Kind den Ball.“. The verbs "sein" and "haben" are two of the most important verbs in the German language. The Subjunctive 2 is a tense that is used to express that something is hypothetical, imaginary, or unreal. The following verbs have a regular conjugation pattern in the present tense and you can see the past participle form in the brackets. Some of them are also used in Simple Past in spoken German, so I included this form too. Example sentences in the present tense illustrate the use of each verb. This verb list comes from Randall Jones & Erwin Tschirner’s A Frequency Dictionary of German. The present participle is used when two actions are taking place at the same time, and we want to use one of them as an adjective. It can stand for a single word, a part of a sentence, or a whole sentence. 11. gehen (ist gegangen) – to go, walk Ich gehe nach Hause (I’m going home). most commonly used words in German. The verbs "sein" and "haben" are two of the most important verbs in the German language. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. 12. kommen (ist gekommen) – to come Wann kommst du zurück (When are you coming back)? In order for a verb to be used and make sense, certain things are necessary. Example sentences in the present tense illustrate the use of each verb. They can be used as a main verb ("to be" and "to have", respectively), but we also use these verbs as helping verbs to form certain tenses. Do you know all 50 of the most basic and frequently used words in German language? In German, lots of verbs are created by taking an existing verb and adding a prefix with a specific meaning to it. This chart is an alphabetical list of 50 commonly used German verbs. All of these verbs, including the stem-changing ones, are conjugated normally in the PRESENT TENSE. The pronoun "es" serves lots of different purposes in German. „Ich stehe jeden Morgen um 6 Uhr auf.“. Stem-changing verbs are shown with their du (2nd person sing.) We call these necessary things complements. „Wie geht es dir? Whether the verb is separable or inseparable depends on the prefix. Example: Important German verbs for Beginners. The process passive describes the action that is happening, while the status passive describes the effect of the action. Example: There are 6 modal verbs in German: "können," "wollen," "möchten," "sollen," "müssen," and "dürfen." More information about this extremely important verb can be found in this lesson. It makes the sentence shorter and sound better. Reflexive verbs are verbs where the subject and the object are the same. They can be used as a main verb ("to be" and "to have", respectively), but we also use these verbs as helping verbs to form certain tenses. „Ich lasse mein Auto in der Garage stehen.“. It's also used in certain fixed expressions. forms. Examples: „Du bist nett.“ - „Er hat ein Haus.“ Examples: „Du bist nett.“ - „Er hat ein Haus.“, When conjugating verbs, sometimes we change one of their vowels. "Werden" has lots of different uses in German: as a main verb (meaning "to become,"), to express passive voice, and to construct the future tense. Example: – „Mir geht es gut.“. Stem-changing verbs are shown with their du (2nd person sing.) How we generated this list: First we took the verbs which are suggested for beginners and which are necessary to pass the Goethe Insitute's A1 certificate. 50 Common German Verbs With Example Sentences, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", German Verbs - wissen (to know) conjugated in all its tenses, Present Tense Verb Conjugations of German Regular Verbs, Conjugating the German Verb Wissen, Meaning "to Know", Complete Alphabetical Index of German Verbs, German Verbs - Examples - Regular and Irregular Verbs, Anfangen (To Begin) German Verb Conjugations, How to Conjugate the German Verb "Laufen" (to Run, Walk), How to Conjugate the German Verb Nehmen (to Take), Conjugations of the Most-Used German Verbs, Learn the German Verbs 'Haben' (to Have) and 'Sein' (to Be), German Verbs: How to Recognize the German Subjunctive I, II. Verbs are words that describe an action or a state / condition (i.e. „Der telefonierende Mann fährt Auto.“. It is used as both a normal verb and as a helping verb. In the passive voice, the focus is on the object being acted upon instead of the person or thing performing the action. In this set of lessons I'll explain how to use verbs in German, share some special verbs that are extremely important in German, talk about different types of verbs, and more. forms.Only some irregular verbs (but no separable-prefix or modal verbs) have been included in this chart. Ich bin gestern um 22.00 Uhr gekommen … These are always combined with other verbs and express whether you can, must, want to, or should do something. On this page I will show you how to use the verb „lassen”. Example: „Mein Lehrer sagt, Deutsch sei nicht schwer.“. See also: Lessons from the Top German verbs list & Top 500 German words Verbs with a vowel change are called "strong verbs.". The imperative is the command form. Second we ordered them after their frequency of usage and saved the 50 top words in this list. It's mostly used in news reporting, both in newspapers / magazines and on TV. Example: Sometimes that's an object in a specific case or a certain preposition. When conjugating such verbs, sometimes the prefix stays connected and sometimes it doesn't. Wir sind gestern ins Theater gegangen (We went to the theater yesterday). Example: If you want to learn how to conjugate verbs and know what tense you should use in which situation, go to my lessons on tenses. Core Vocabulary for Learners, which lists the 4034 (!) It's used when you want to order someone to do something. We’ll be doing lots of fun things with this list with posts in the coming weeks. The Most Used German Dative Verbs; German Dative Verbs with Normal Word Order; German Dative Verbs with Weird Word Order; auffallen – to stand out, make an impression ; ausweichen – to evade ; befehlen – to order, command; beistehen – to stand by, support; danken – to thank ; dienen – to serve ; drohen – to threaten "drive," "sit," "be"). The object is sometimes in the accusative case, and sometimes dative. It's also used in hospitals and courtrooms. The past participle is used to convert a longer clause into an adjective and when constructing some tenses (perfect, future 2, and passive). That means it is only used with "you": but in German there is a different conjugation depending on how many people you are talking to and if it's formal or informal.
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