The nuts are an important food for jays, pigeons, wild boar, deer, and squirrels. They appeared in France in the 16th century. Hardwood and softwood refer to the type of tree the wood comes from. They can entirely strip a young tree in the late spring, when they fly at dusk, often in huge numbers. A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample and turned photo of this wood species. The American chestnut (Castanea dentata) is a fast-growing hardwood tree whose lumber is nearly as strong as oak, yet lightweight. In Italy, chestnut is also used to make barrels used for aging balsamic vinegar and some alcoholic beverages, such as whisky or lambic beer. Another species of Aesculus which is also in cultivation is A. turbinata (Japanese horse chestnut). The relative yield total values of the mixed plantings steadily increase with time. Autumn Foliage Color:Past, Present, and Future. It has a naturally low pH value, relatively low salts content, and high acids content. Sweet Chestnut or Castanea Sativa, sativa meaning cultivated by humans, probably because the nuts (Chestnuts!) The southern European chestnut wood usually contains at least 10 to 13% more tannin than chestnut trees in northern climates. Richard Jones: All the different chestnuts are hardwoods (aka angiosperms, deciduous trees or broad-leafed trees). Highly resistant to decay, chestnuts were used in a variety of applications, from furniture and split-rail fences to chestnut hardwood flooring and telephone poles. Hardwood comes from dicot trees and softwood comes from gymnosperm trees. Contact Us  The leaves and the skins (husk and pellicle) of the fruits provide a hair shampoo. The chestnut tree is a hardwood tree. , The fruit can be peeled and eaten raw, but it can be somewhat astringent, especially if the pellicle is not removed.. In the United States, the native American chestnut once dominated the eastern hardwood forests. Survival and growth in size and biomass of American Chestnut (, Sweet Chestnut Jam recipe. Chestnut is easy to work and glues and nails well. Once cooked, its texture is slightly similar to that of a baked potato, with a delicate, sweet, and nutty flavour. One kilogram of untainted chestnuts yields about 700 g of shelled chestnuts. Then, in the early part of this century, a severe blight swept the chestnut, reducing it to a nearly extinct species. C. sativa responds well to competitive pressure from Pseudotsuga menziesii, the latter also showing a higher productivity. , The tree is noted for attracting wildlife. The examples and perspective in this article, Targioni-Tozzetti 1802, Vol. American Chestnut comprised over 60% of the eastern hardwood forests when the first settlers arrived in North America. Wormy Chestnut in particular is usually salvaged from old barns and other structures, and reprocessed and sold as reclaimed lumber.  In Swiss cuisine, a similar dish made with kirsch and butter is called vermicelles. It has been proven that the roofs of these buildings are actually Durmast oak, which closely resembles chestnut in grain and color. A French version is known as "Mont Blanc".  Chestnut bread can stay fresh as long as two weeks.. Saturday / 8am-4pm EST , Chestnut buds have been listed as one of the 38 substances used to prepare Bach flower remedies, a kind of alternative medicine promoted for its effect on health. Saturday / 8am-4pm EST Fabric can be starched with chestnut meal. DESCRIPTION. We will then schedule an appointment and have the slabs out of storage and ready for you to view. Another method of eating the fruit involves roasting, which does not require peeling. It is possible to obtain a leather with high yield in weight, which is compact, firm, flexible, and waterproof. Candied chestnuts (whole chestnuts candied in sugar syrup, then iced) are sold under the French name marrons glacés or Turkish name kestane şekeri ("sugared chestnuts").  When in a growing stage, with very little sap wood, a chestnut tree contains more timber of a durable quality than an oak of the same dimensions. As previously mentioned in this article, the horse chestnut is not a chestnut and should not be confused with chestnuts. , Chestnut timber is decorative.  On November, in the regions of Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria and other Northern provinces and Portugal, the Magosto is celebrated.. Growing to a girth greater than most oaks, the chestnut provided the country's pioneers with wood for every imaginable use. , After most growth is achieved, older chestnut timber tends to split and warp when harvested. At the turn of the 20th century American Chestnut came under distress from the chestnut blight and by 1920 almost all of the chestnut trees were dead. Business Hours  They can be used to stuff vegetables, poultry, fowl, and other edibles. It is given to horses and cattle in the Orient, and to pigs in England, France and other places. Sadly, during the early to mid-1900s, this once vital hardwood timber tree was virtually destroyed in the eastern United … , An excellent soil-enriching understory in pine forests, Oxford PA, 19363 USA, © 2020 Hearne Hardwoods, Inc. | All rights reserved. 1.610.932.7400 / Int’l & Local A list and an appointment will save you a significant amount of time.  Parmentier, who among other things was a famous potato promoter, extracted sugar from chestnuts and sent a chestnut sugarloaf weighing several pounds to the Academy of Lyon. Hardwood comes from trees with wide leaves, while softwood comes from conifers like cypress and pines. Chestnut wood, though, loses much of its durability when the tree is more than 50 years old, and despite the local chestnut's quick growth rate, the timber used for these two buildings is considerably larger than a 50-year-old chestnut's girth.
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