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how many unaccompanied minors in 2014

Internal DHS estimates indicated that 70 percent of children believed they would be able to stay in the US. Most of the unaccompanied minors were teenagers, but many were younger. The process to determine whether immigrants are eligible for legal status is different for families with children, and for unaccompanied children. During the peak of the 2014 crisis, children were placed in detention facilities, including some makeshift facilities at military bases and a DHS processing center in Nogales, Arizona. (Department of Homeland Security). Earlier Friday, Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said "the system is in freefall.". And while the number of migrants rose again in spring 2015, it didn't reach the levels of the previous year — which meant that it didn't overwhelm the system. If immigrant minors can demonstrate to a family-court judge that they can't be reunited with their parents because of "abuse, abandonment, or neglect," they can go to an immigration judge to be granted Special Immigrant Juvenile Status. More detailed data shows that the areas from which the most children came were the. Unaccompanied children might have their asylum case evaluated by an asylum officer, or may be put into immigration court. She rode atop Mexican freight trains, from Chiapas in the south to Tamaulipas in the north. Both children and families overwhelmingly entered the US in the Rio Grande Valley from Mexico. Many of these unaccompanied minors are picked up by the police. The Obama administration said that it didn't think DACA was a factor, but officials including Vice President Joe Biden stressed during visits to Central America that children shouldn't come because they wouldn't be eligible for DACA — reinforcing the notion that the two were connected. The detention of families raised humanitarian concerns, because of the difficulty of detaining children humanely, and issues with access to lawyers. For a closer look at how asylum policy protects Central American migrants, see, The detention of families raised humanitarian concerns, 68,541 unaccompanied children were apprehended at the US/Mexico border, two bills passed by the House of Representatives, officials including Vice President Joe Biden, an intelligence assessment leaked by Sen. Chuck Grassley, an assessment from the El Paso Intelligence Center. Those who believed that "pull factors" were driving the migration (like reuniting with families) advocated for an enforcement-based response from the government. When the number of children decreased at the end of summer 2014, the average amount of time children spent in Border Patrol custody dropped back to under 72 hours. Those who believed that "push factors" (like violence) were driving the migration saw the migrant families as refugees, and advocated for a humanitarian response from the US government. However, families who have been able to get legal counsel in detention, and have been able to pursue asylum claims, are often getting approved for asylum. Before June 2014, the government often released families after setting their court dates — sometimes stranding them at bus stops in Arizona. In spring and summer 2014, the number of children reached a crisis point. CNN reported Thursday that the HHS Office of Refugee Resettlement, which manages the unaccompanied minor program, is preparing for the arrivals of unaccompanied children in its care to double this fiscal year to more than 60,000, according to an HHS official. "Children's lives are being put at risk," said the official who added, "HHS is out of capacity, so what that means is that children are staying in CBP care at border facilities while awaiting bed space at HHS and it is not a place for children.". However, families who have been able to get legal counsel in detention, and have been able to pursue asylum claims, are often getting approved for asylum. For a closer look at the way the US handles unaccompanied child migrants, see here. One sign push factors mattered in the exodus of children and families from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador: other nearby countries — including Mexico, Belize, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama — saw 712 percent more applications for asylum from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador in 2013 than they had in 2009: For more about the potential reasons for the rise in child migrants, see here. According to Wendy Young of Kids in Need of Defense (KIND), an advocacy organization for unaccompanied immigrant children, the system Congress had in place as of 2014 "was designed for about 6,000 to 8,000 kids a year.". Reality check on border as Trump threatens to shut it. report from the Center for Gender and Refugee Studies. CBP is struggling to place children in HHS custody in a timely manner, according to a senior DHS official. One Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) official told the press that the goal was to deport families within ten or fifteen days. Otherwise, they're returned. many children who were in danger have been sent back to Mexico. (Neither bill passed the Senate.). But 2015 flows were a fraction of their 2014 total. Reporters who were granted access to these facilities said that even under relatively good conditions, the holding centers were still traumatic: The CBP agents in the building seem to be genuinely compassionate in their interactions with the children.

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