viii. The Preacher commences this section by carefully defining his position and equipment as he starts on his last course. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. The author’s attitude is complete despair OR. "All this I have seen and applied my mind to every deed that has been done under the sun wherein a man has exercised authority over another man to his hurt". Ecclesiastes 8:9 All this have I seen, and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun: [there is] a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 8:9". “All that I have seen, and that, too, directing my heart to all the labour that is done under the sun: to the time when a man rules over a man to his hurt.” The relation of the clauses is mistaken by Jerome, Luther, Hengst., Vaih., Ginsburg, and others, who begin a new clause with עת : “there is a time,” etc. Ecclesiastes 5:8-9 – where we’re brought back to the matter of oppression. (9) Own hurt.—The Hebrew is ambiguous. "It shall be well with them that fear God ... it shall not be well with the wicked" (Ecclesiastes 8:12-13). Ecclesiastes 8:9. 1685. There is a time wherein one man ruleth over another; there are some kings who use their power tyrannically and wickedly, whereby they do not only oppress their people, but hurt themselves, by bringing the vengeance of God and men upon their own heads; which is here noted, partly for the terror of tyrants, and partly for the caution and comfort of subjects groaning under those heavy pressures which they are not able to remove, that they may forbear unlawful or rebellious courses, and quietly commit themselves and their cause to God, who judgeth righteously, and who both can and will call the greatest monarchs to a sad account for all their impious and unrighteous courses. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". I. Let us try to form some notion of what would be the right one. of time, as at Jeremiah 51:33; cf. Acts 7:33 tells us: "Then said the Lord to him, Put off thy shoes from thy feet: for the place where thou standest is holy ground." Diligent and undismayed, he goes on his way, giving himself heartily to the present duty, "sowing his seed, morning and evening, although he cannot tell which shall prosper, this or that, or whether both shall prove good." (4) A faithful corrective reference to ourselves in our observation of others is a point of duty almost too plain to need mentioning. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Some take it in both senses; and so it is usually in fact, that wicked princes rule to their own hurt, and the hurt of their subjects. We might omit “own,” and understand the verse of the misery inflicted by a tyrant on his subject, not on himself. III. "' This was not due to anything that Solomon ever saw on earth that was any different from that which he should have expected, but solely to his having turned away from God's Word. Applied my heart unto every work; I have been a diligent observer of all actions and events. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-8.html. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". ; to the hurt of those that are ruled, when it should be for their good, the protection of their persons and properties; but instead of that they lay heavy burdens upon them, take away their property, and injure and insult their persons. Let me feel, on the other hand, that I carry latent within me "the power of an endless life," and that some day in the great hereafter it is possible I may find myself "perfect even as God is perfect," and then I can despise pleasure; I can see beauty in pain; I can gather up the energies of my being and consecrate them to righteousness and to God with enthusiastic and unwavering devotion. He has shown us the uncertainty and consequent uselessness of piety. and Syr.) BibliographyGill, John. Observed, taken notice of, and thoroughly considered; all that is said above, concerning the scarcity of good men and women, the fall of our first parents, the excellency of wisdom, the necessity and advantage of keeping the king's commandment, the time and manner of doing it, the evil consequences that follow an inattention to these things, ignorance of what is to come, and … All this have I seen Observed, taken notice of, and thoroughly considered; all that is said above, concerning the scarcity of good men and women, the fall of our first parents, the excellency of wisdom, the necessity and advantage of keeping the king's commandment, the time and manner of doing it, the evil consequences that follow an inattention to these things, ignorance of what is to come, and the unavoidableness of death; and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun; not so much to mechanic works and manual operations performed by men, as to moral or immoral works, and chiefly the work of Providence with respect to good and bad men, the consequence of which were the following observations; [there is] a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt; or "the man ruleth over men" F8; for this is not to be understood of private rule in families, of the parent over his children, or master over his servant, but of a king over his subjects; who is the man, the principal man in the kingdom; and such a man ruling in an arbitrary and tyrannical way is to his own detriment in the issue. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. These keep his pleasures sweet and wholesome, prevent them from usurping the whole man and landing him in the weariness and satiety of disappointment. Kings are to be greatly respected, Ecclesiastes 8:2-4. " One may find several pages of discussions in C. F. Keil, Keil-Delitzsch's Old Testament Commentaries regarding the various possible meanings; but the various translations indicate that no certainty exists. Vengeance comes slowly, but it comes surely. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Proud member He recognises the claims of duty and of charity, and does not reject these for pleasure. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Some have lost their whole kingdoms, and come to an untimely end; as well as ruined their immortal souls. 1874-1909. The necessity of the conversion of the soul. Therefore, whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might. The world is slow to reward the ability to which it owes so much. In doing so there is one most important consideration to be kept in mind; that is, the necessity of having just principles or rules to be applied in our observation of the world. While they were private persons there seemed to be some goodness in them, but no sooner advanced to the empire than they ran riot in wickedness; listening to flatterers, and hating reproofs, they ran headlong to hell, and drew a great number with them, by the instigation of the devil, that old man slayer, whose work it was to act and agitate them for a common mischief. How to Think of Oppression. Once again we see that Solomon had given whole-hearted attention to the problems associated with life under the sun.
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