This remark, though characteristic of the analytic approach, is anomalous in its context. Psychology is defined as the science of the mind or of mental states and processes. I propose another option: there appears to be two different notions of belief that have been conflated so as to produce this debate. If beliefs are something other than behavior (which it seems like they are) then we cannot say that beliefs (in epistemic contexts) are a psychological state. This is a prolegomenon to a comprehensive account of the relation between epistemology and experimental cognitive psychology (ECP). Questions continue to pop into my head. Nowhere during my formal education was the connection between epistemology and method clearly explained, It provides a clarification of some of the crucial ways in which epistemology is related to ECP (and vice versa), supplementing the few contributions already made on … proper distinction between psychological questions and epistemological questions. I am sure there are a necessary set of conditions for something to be a psychological agent, but a focus on knowledge is not one of those necessary conditions. The definition of cognition is the act or process of knowing; perception. To consider a possible example there appear to be instances of psychological agents wanting to give the illusion of having knowledge (say to get a job or impress one’s colleagues), this activity does not appear to be in line with an epistemic agent. At this moment I will not try and claim that the two types of agents are completely distinct, there might be a necessary overlap between the two. October 10, 2007 in Contradictory Beliefs, Psychology vs. Epistemology | Leave a comment. proper distinction between psychological questions and epistemological questions. When considering my concerns about affirming that people can and do have contradictory beliefs there is something very appealling to the suggestion. Goldman says “…so-called ‘rules of inference’ in axiomatic systems or natural deductive systems say nothing about beliefs, or other psychological states” (Goldman p. 42). Blog at WordPress.com.Ben Eastaugh and Chris Sternal-Johnson. For the moment I am looking at his criticism of logic providing formal rules for epistemology. Epistemology, also known as the theory of knowledge is by definition the science of cognition. Several well respected philosophers going as far back as Aristotle to more recent examples of Donald Davidson and Ruth Barcan Marcus have rejected the notion that people can and do have contradictory beliefs. October 3, 2007 in Contradictory Beliefs, Psychology vs. Epistemology | Leave a comment. The psychological agent doesn’t necessarily need to be focused on knowledge in order to be a psychological agent. That is why it is sometimes said that epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies science. Philosopher rejects the idea and look for another definition because they feel it cannot be determined whether our thoughts agree with reality. This distinction is not found in Anglo-American philosophy and, as a result, epistemology is frequently confused with the theory of knowledge, Freud's Erkenntnistheorie. But what exactly is knowledge? D. W. Hamlyn (1967, p. 9): "Epistemology differs from psychology in that it is not concerned with why men hold the beliefs they do or with the ways in which they come to hold them." Psychology and Epistemology, which talks about what. Philosophers have a different take on the definition of the truth than psychologist. Can I believe p and not p? I have been able to come across an interesting paper by Alvin Goldman (“Relation between Epistemology and Psychology” Synthese 1985, Vol 64, p. 29-68) where he appears to give an interesting analysis of the topic. It appears to have radically changed the focus of the paper. Are they the same? If we treat belief in a manner that has little or nothing to do with psychological states, which seems to be in line with someone like Timothy Williamson, “…the point of belief is knowledge” (Knowledge and its Limits p. 1), it would seem that if Williamson is right, beliefs are the kinds of things that point to knowledge then that doesn’t seem very relevant to psychology. : Epistemology, Psychology, and Contradictory Beliefs. Such a rejection seems to fly in the face of common-sense, so often we seem to find ourselves around people who appear to have contradictory beliefs. I have been able to come across an interesting paper by Alvin Goldman (“Relation between Epistemology and Psychology” Synthese 1985, Vol 64, p. 29-68) where he appears to give an interesting analysis of the topic. Recognizing this distinction will allow us to hold onto our common-sense, that we can have a theoretical model of belief in an epistemic context, and the LNC. When psychology refers to belief and epistemology refers about belief are they talking about the same thing, “belief” just different aspects of it? A person that appears to be smart or intelligent is said to possess knowledge. If not, how do they differ? Epistemology and cognitive psychology 287 There is a difference between ECPs being able to provide empirical insights which answer questions within a prescribed epistemological domain and it's ability to actually help redefne the bounds of epistemological inquiry. It was suggested to me by John Symons that there is a difference between psychological beliefs and epistemological beliefs. The reason I say this is psychology (as far as I know) equates beliefs with behavior (John seemed to think this also). The first notion defines belief in terms of assent, a believes that p iff a assents to p. The second notion defines belief in relation to knowledge; beliefs are the kinds of things that epistemic agents gain so they can eventually reach knowledge.
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