“There’s no real evidence that the Chinese have made breakthroughs on new ways to generate qubits – that’s fundamental basic science and there’s only so many ways that’s going to be done,” says Tony Trippe, managing director of Patinformatics. “It doesn’t want to be caught napping again.”. K.G Orphanides. Quantum computers could lead to breakthroughs in self-learning. That’s in line with the general pattern of developments. But the race isn't over yet. "In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in efforts both at universities in China and at technology companies, such as, The potential benefits of quantum computing to China have been recognized at the highest levels. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. Micius, which circles the earth at an altitude of 500km, is a powerful signal of intent – a starting gun for the technological race that could define the next century. "There are cases of people being denied visas ... it could be something that is very negative in the short term because we are still evolving this technology.". Posted By: Jeanne Whalen August 19, 2019. “I think it’s very difficult these days to keep anything hidden.”, By However, it’s unlikely that we’ll have quantum chips in our personal computers or laptops – instead, we’ll probably access centrally located quantum computers via the cloud. Quantum communication uses the nature of quantum particles, "Quantum computers are coming, and if it's going to be five, 10 or 15 years before we can decrypt any messages sent in the past, that definitely sends a chill down the spine of any security agency around the world," said. In 2014, there were a similar number of patents filed in the United States and China, but by 2017 China filed almost twice as many, according to Patinformatics. “This field is just too important to have one particular region too far ahead.” For Young, the challenge is so complex and expensive that it will be hard for any one nation to steal a march on its rivals. It’s tempting to paint the development of quantum computing and cryptography as a zero-sum game – China vs America for the global technological crown. Welcome to WIRED UK. This fourth-grader doesn't have WiFi at home. The field is fragmenting, with different research groups trying varied approaches, and countries putting their resources behind a diverse range of projects. By “With modern information science, China has been a learner and a follower,” he says. “China basically missed out on the digital revolution and that really set them and their economy back,” says Young. Some researchers contacted for this article were en route to South Africa for a collaborative workshop, to share ideas with their international colleagues. Sen. Cruz to Twitter CEO: Who the hell elected you? In August 2016, China sent the world’s first quantum satellite into space from a launchpad in the Gobi Desert. All rights reserved. The number of patents filed by Chinese companies relating to quantum computing has shot up in the last few years. “A healthy degree of concern would be justified,” says Ekert. Beijing's gains in this area — which could make its communications unhackable — may leave US spies in the dark just as the US-China rivalry is heating up, a prospect that has led to great alarm in Washington. Quantum research needed to offset China’s lead can logically be considered a defensive investment. Quantum computing has huge potential. "China's advances in quantum science could impact the future military and strategic balance, perhaps even leapfrogging traditional US military-technological advantages," Kania and Costello wrote in their report, adding that the US "should build upon and redouble existing efforts to remain a leader, or at least a major contender, in the development of quantum technologies. The competition to develop quantum technologies is fierce. Fitzsimons, the Horizon CEO, said that while China "has had tremendous accomplishments in the field of quantum communication," it lags behind the United States and Europe in terms of quantum computation. The other is Edward Snowden. "The focus on quantum computation in China came after quantum communication, and so is later in bearing fruit," he said. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. If one country gets there first, it could cause problems – the CNAS report talks of ‘quantum surprise,’ when one country develops technology that others don’t even know about.
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