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Most varieties of marigold flowers can be planted as perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11, or grown as annuals in cooler climates. When the petals are brown, and the plant base is just starting to turn brown, you can harvest the seeds. Fertilizer will result in pretty foliage, but it will be at the expense of your blooms. Pat the soil around the stem gently but firmly. Spacing will depend on the variety. You can use them to fill in landscaping gaps or borders quickly. Their cheery blooms thrive in the sun, making these summer-through-fall-time beauties a popular choice. Each plant produces a large number of seeds that will self-populate your garden area. Tip 1. Water well in dry heat, but allow the soil to dry between waterings. Most marigolds are annuals, but a few are perennials. Pinching from the top of the plant is an easy way to remove dead blooms and encourage growth while helping plants fill out so they don’t become leggy. In addition to being easy to grow, marigolds also make great companion plants in the garden. Marigold, or calendula officinalis, is commonly referred to as English marigold, pot marigold, calendula and golds. Designed with mobility in mind, they feature Gilmour’s innovative Swivel Connect. Pinching can trick plants into producing more because you remove the bloom before it goes to seed, which essentially is what tells the plant to stop producing. What Are the Characteristics of an African Marigold? Let soil dry out in between watering, and then water well each time. A diet that’s too nitrogen-rich stimulates lush foliage at the expense of flowers. Do marigolds spread? Tip 2. The quickest growing variety of marigold is the French marigold (Tagetes patula), although the African marigold (Tagetes erecta) is a much larger plant. Marigolds: The Ultimate Guide to Growing Vibrant Marigolds, For large varieties: sow seeds 18 to 24 inches apart, For medium varieties: space 12 to 15 inches apart. The height and width of African marigolds usually depends on the amount of sunlight the plant receives. You can use plants, but seeds will germinate quickly and you'll have blooms in about 8 weeks, according to, Sprinkle organic flower food into the soil. If planting seeds directly in the ground without germinating, once sprouted, but while still small, thin your seedlings. Plant your marigolds in the spring, after the last frost. According to American Meadows, there are three main types of marigolds, and a few other varieties. In addition, most varieties are self-seeding, so they spread throughout the flower bed or garden year after year. In fact, their hardiness makes it unnecessary to start marigold seeds indoors. Native to areas in Southern Europe near the Mediterranean Sea, marigolds produce beautiful blooms in an array of bright, sunny colors that last from summer to fall in cool regions of the country. These also produce edible flowers, which are often used directly on salads when fresh or added to spice blends when dried. (Excess water on leaves can lead to powdery mildew.) While you may not be able to dig your spade into the soil just yet, there is plenty, Design a Beautiful Drought Resistant Yard. Do not fertilize during the growing season. Simply cover the seeds with soil and keep them moist and warm. Marigold flowers tend to be in bright hues of yellow, orange and red, and many shades in between. To reseed marigolds, wait for the plant to begin to dry out. Tip 3. Tip 5. Marigolds have carnation or daisy-like flowers, usually in bright orange, copper brown or yellow that can grow as single blooms or in clusters. Using your thumb and forefinger, simply pinch the dead bloom where it meets the stem. Too much water on marigold leaves can result in a powdery mildew building up on the pretty dark green foliage. Marigold flowers resemble daisies or carnations, and the blooms are single or in clusters, states the Old Farmers Almanac. To care for established marigolds, pinch the tops off the plants to encourage bushier plants. Removing them by hand is simple, fast and can alleviate the problem. Do not over-fertilize. French marigolds (Tagetes patula) are smaller and more compact and grow 12 to 18 inches tall and 16 inches wide, with 2-inch-diameter blooms. However, keep an eye out for slugs and caterpillars as they can be issues for marigolds. Moisten the soil and sow seeds about 1 inch apart and 1 inch deep. To thin, carefully remove a seedling and, holding it by its leaves to prevent the stem from being crushed, lightly set the roots into a hole. These marigolds take longer to mature and bloom later than other marigold varieties. Marigolds grow well in planting zones 2 – 11, and they do best in warmer months. Are marigolds perennials or annuals? Water at the base of the plant. It also helps improve air circulation. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Do not water marigolds from overhead. Bright and hardy marigolds are a no-fuss, low maintenance annual. Golden marigolds grow to reach 10-20 inches in height, and can spread almost invasively if they’re not well maintained. Most types like full sun and can withstand even extremely hot temperatures, making them one of the easiest flowers to grow all year long. This will encourage more blooming. Do not wait for the entire plant to turn brown or you risk it molding. Thinning seedlings is important so that maturing plants have plenty of space to grow without having to compete for nutrients and water. How to Grow & Care for Sweet William Flowers, The Old Farmer's Almanac: "Growing Marigolds", Burpee Seeds and Plants: "All About Marigolds", Ohio State University Extension: Marigolds: A Gardening Favorite Year After Year, How Long Until Marigolds Flower From Seed, Requirements for Planting a French Marigold. Despite those names, marigolds are native to Mexico and Central America. Tip 6. Marigold flowers tend to be in bright hues of yellow, orange and red, and many shades in between. Bloom Time: Late spring until first frost. After seeds have germinated, moisten soil and then plant seedlings about 1 inch apart from one another. Marigolds are rapidly growing plants and most varieties are self-seeding, which means they will drop seeds and spread throughout your yard or garden. Marigolds do not bloom year-round, but with proper care, some varieties can bloom for several months. Hot weather and drought-like conditions don’t mean a beautiful yard and garden is out of reach. Marigolds (Tagetes spp) add a splash of bright orange, yellow or red to flower gardens and planters throughout late spring, summer and early fall. French marigolds are bushier than their African relatives, have a longer blooming season and are healthier in rainy weather. They will have a longer blooming season in zones 10 or higher, where temperatures don’t dip close to freezing, even later in the winter. Be sure to use a large enough container because marigolds tend to grow quickly, and crowding can be an issue. All marigolds are rapidly growing plants that require minimal attention, blooming profusely from spring to fall. In this case, once the seeds germinate, transplant them outdoors after the last frost. If your marigolds are not doing well, it may be due to slugs or caterpillars. From the moment you pick it up, you’ll notice these nozzles are different. Actually, both! Their distinct smell is often described as pungent, but most gardeners appreciate this, as it keeps away garden pests and insects. Height/Spread: There are varieties available from 6 inches to 4 feet tall, and 6 inches to 2 feet wide. This self-propagation makes marigolds a desirable garden plant.

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