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application of recombinant dna technology in gene therapy

Sustainable agriculture means to use the resources in judicious manner where we do not exploit it to support the present requirement and take care to leave behind sufficient resources for the coming generation. Any gene can be transferred from any organism. Food security - As mentioned, recombinant DNA technology can be used to not only make plants resistant to pests, but also increase yields. In this, syntheses of alpha and beta globin chains are reduced and the excess chains precipitate and cause haemolytic anaemia and spleen enlargement. Although this technique allows cells with modified genes to grow, some of the cells contain plasmids with undesired genes. The only problem which is faced while commercialising these varieties is that with the passage of time their expression is reduced. Diseases potentially treated by gene therapy The absence of certain cellular or biological factors, for example enzymes, in some diseases can be due to a gene being defective. b. One of the most commonly used methods involves growing the cells in antibiotic (e.g. This causes disturbances in metabolism resulting in mental retardation. However, in recent era, this field has demonstrated unique impacts in bringing advancement in human life. Production of Vaccines through rDNA Technology 4. General representation of DNA isolation and purification by MicroscopeMaster.com, Recombinant DNA Technology - Fragments with sticky ends from restriction enzyme digestion by MicroscopeMaster.com, Diagrammatic representation of a plasmid used in recombinant DNA technology by MicroscopeMaster.com, Diagrammatic representation of restriction digestion and ligation process, Recombinant DNA Technology, by MicroscopeMaster.com. Plasmid from E. coli is taken and by using restriction enzyme it is cut to create sticky ends. Development which minimises the use of non-renewable resources results in minimising the environmental exploitation. By the above technique we can have traits that are all of same size, colour, weight and shape. Success of gene therapy is dependent on the development of better gene transfer vector for sustained, long-term expression of foreign gene as well as better understanding of gene physiology of human disease. Return from Recombinant DNA Technology to MicroscopeMaster home. Each one is the copy of a single parent. Application of recombinant DNA technology in Agriculture – For example, manufacture of Bt-Cotton to protect the plant against ball worms. The MicroscopeMaster website is for educational purposes only. The appropriate antibiotic is also added to the plates. Cloning 5. MicroscopeMaster is not liable for your results or any personal issues resulting from performing the experiment. In this method, media like MacConkey-Sorbitol Agar can be used to grow E. coli overnight (at 37 degrees C in neutral pH). Human population is ever increasing and because of this the major challenge for agricultural scientists is to increase the food production at almost the same pace. For instance, using E. coli bacteria as host cells, insulin is one of the most commonly produced hormones through recombinant DNA technology. The below mentioned article will highlight the three important applications of recombinant DNA technology. Change in genotype can be controlled as only the desired gene is introduced. These probes are used to identify the infectious agents, such as Salmonella (food poisoning), Staphylococcus (pus), HIV, hepatitis virus, etc. Recombinant DNA Technology. Recombinant DNA technology has led to powerful diagnostic procedures useful in both medicine and forensics. Read more here. DNA typing is a technique in which biological samples help in … The only way to overcome this is to switch over to sustainable agriculture. Production of Interferon: Interferon’s are virus-induced proteins produced by virus-infected cells. Some of the other advantages associated with this technology include: Development of vaccines and cancer treatment - Today, cancer is one of the leading causes of death. Clinical diagnosis – ELISA is an example where the application of recombinant Clones of genetically engineered bacteria are used to extract recombinant insulin. a. This new system of therapy is called gene therapy. root and shoot tip are used in plant cloning. Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology. This is not possible by the conventional methods used for increasing and improving the yield. Medical Diagnosis of Disease:

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